The production of biodiesel in Southeast Asia started late, but it is growing faster. Malaysia and Indonesia, which are rich in palm oil, are the fastest-growing countries in Southeast Asia. The total crude palm oil production in the two countries accounts for about 85% of global production.
There are currently about 20 biodiesel plants in Malaysia with a total production capacity of 1 million to 1.5 million tons. The processing cost is about 100 US dollars / t is expected to reduce by 50%. In 2006, the total export volume of biodiesel in Malaysia was 48,000, and it increased to 95,000 in 2007. In the first quarter of 2008, Malaysia’s exports increased by 34% year-on-year.
The main raw materials for the production of biodiesel in Thailand are palm oil and coconut oil. The Thai government plans to add 5% of biodiesel to diesel fuel from 2011 to increase the daily consumption of biodiesel to 3 million L.
It is planned to increase the amount of biodiesel blended in diesel to 10% in the period of 2012~2016 to become B10 biodiesel. The plan will help increase the daily demand for biodiesel to 4.5 million L.
Starting in the second half of 2008, Singapore’s biodiesel fuel for diesel-powered vehicles is made from discarded edible oils collected from a large number of restaurants. Although biodiesel is currently used in large quantities in the United States and Europe, it is usually mixed with ordinary diesel, and the biodiesel developed in Singapore is completely sulfur-free and can be used without mixing with any mineral diesel.