Indonesian biodiesel makers are gearing up to boost exports after the European Union (EU) removed anti-dumping duties on shipments from some producers in the country, but rival suppliers in Malaysia are bracing for a slowdown in the wake of the move.
After legal proceedings at the European Court of Justice, the EU last month removed duties on biodiesel imports for 13 Indonesian and Argentine producers that had been in place since 2013.
The move is set to be a boon for Indonesia, the world’s top supplier of pal moil-based biofuel, but is expected to hit Malaysian exporters hard as they lose market share due to higher costs in their smaller-scale biodiesel industry.
Traders estimate Malaysian prices for a tonne of biodiesel are typically US$30 to US$40 (RM117 to RM156) more expensive than Indonesian cargoes.
Both nations use palm oil from their vast plantations to churn out biodiesel.
Prices of Malaysian palm methyl ester, the bio component of biodiesel that comes from palm oil, traded at US$747 a tonne today, versus US$711 in Indonesia, according to a trader.
“Some (Indonesian) companies have already started shipping (to Europe),” said the chairman of the Indonesia Biofuels Producer Association, MP Tumanggor.
He expects Indonesia to ship around 432,000 tonnes of biodiesel to the EU this year, up from virtually nothing in 2017.
That would still be a way off the 1.4 million tonnes exported the year before the EU duties were introduced, although a Malaysian-based biodiesel trader said Indonesia could ship up to 80,000 tonnes a month from here on in. He declined to be identified as he was not authorised to speak with media.
Weaker export demand for Malaysian biodiesel is expected to curb utilisation rates at the country’s production plants.
“Malaysia biodiesel exports last year were pretty good … it had a window to export to the EU, but now Malaysia is not competitive,” said U.R. Unnithan, president of the Malaysia Biodiesel Association (MBA).
“I imagine Malaysian biodiesel exports (to the EU) now would be virtually nothing.”
Malaysia’s biodiesel exports – largely bound for the EU – jumped to 235,000 tonnes in 2017 from 83,000 tonnes the previous year, MBA data show.
The removal of EU exports would see biodiesel production fall to 500,000 tonnes this year from 720,000 tonnes in 2017, forecast Unnithan, lowering plant utilisation rates from current levels of around 30%.
Duties on biodiesel exports from other Indonesian producers are expected to be lifted soon.
The latest step comes as prices for regular diesel last week hit a three-year peak, with benchmark palm oil prices recently declining to their largest discount to the fuel in the last few years.
However, traders warn more competitive soy-based biodiesel could challenge Indonesian exports, as current prices of soy methyl ester are on-par with those for palm methyl ester. – Reuters